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Tuesday, November 3, 2020 | History

6 edition of High-energy phenomena in electric discharges in dense gases found in the catalog.

High-energy phenomena in electric discharges in dense gases

theory, experiment, and natural phenomena

by Leonid P. Babich

  • 29 Want to read
  • 34 Currently reading

Published by Futurepast in Arlington, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Electric discharges through gases.,
  • Lightning.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographic references and name index.

    StatementLeonid P. Babich.
    SeriesISTC science and technology series ;, v. 2
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsQC711 .B23 2003
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxiii, 358 p. :
    Number of Pages358
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL3575079M
    ISBN 100971046417
    LC Control Number2002113191
    OCLC/WorldCa52938656

    @article{osti_, title = {The inverse skin effect in the Z-pinch and plasma focus}, author = {Usenko, P. L., E-mail: [email protected] and Gaganov, V. V.}, abstractNote = {The inverse skin effect and its influence on the dynamics of high-current Z-pinch and plasma focus discharges in deuterium are analyzed. It is shown that the second compression responsible for the major . Plasma, in physics, an electrically conducting medium in which there are roughly equal numbers of positively and negatively charged particles, produced when the atoms in a gas become ionized. It is sometimes referred to as the fourth state of matter, distinct from . You can write a book review and share your experiences. Other readers will always be interested in your opinion of the books you've read. Whether you've loved the book or not, if you give your honest and detailed thoughts then people will find new books that are right for them.


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High-energy phenomena in electric discharges in dense gases by Leonid P. Babich Download PDF EPUB FB2

High-Energy Phenomena in Electric Discharges in Dense Gases: Theory, Experiment and Natural Phenomena (Istc Science and Technology Series, 2) by Leonid P. Babich (Author) › Visit Amazon's Leonid P. Babich Page. Find all the books, read about the author, and more.

Author: Leonid P. Babich. The book “High-Energy Phenomena in Electric Discharges in Dense Gases” by Leonid Babich provides a comprehensive review of high-energy processes in high-pressure (dense) gases in the range of tens to hundreds of Torr involving so-called “runaway electrons (REs)” whose energies can range up to MeVs.

This phenomenon is an important feature in the early stages of electric breakdown of dense gases leading to the ignition of gas discharges. The book was written by an expert in this field, by Professor Leonid P.

Babich, who, starting with publications in the early s, has made several important contributions to the subject. Applications. The properties and effects of electric discharges are useful over a wide range of magnitudes. Tiny pulses of current are used to detect ionizing radiation in a Geiger–Müller tube.A low steady current can be used to illustrate the spectrum of gases in a gas-filled tube.A neon lamp is an example of a gas-discharge lamp, useful both for illumination and as a voltage regulator.

Electric discharge in gases occurs when electric current flows through a gaseous medium due to ionization of the gas. Depending on several factors, the discharge may radiate visible light. The properties of electric discharges in gases are studied in connection with design of lighting sources and in the design of high voltage electrical equipment.

Babich L P High-energy phenomena in electric discharges in dense gases: theory, experiment and natural phenomena (Arlington: Futurepast Inc.) Features of High-energy phenomena in electric discharges in dense gases book of small-sized plasma.

Experimental results on electric discharges in dense gases which develop in a regime of intense electron runaway, in contrast with the classical forms of gas discharges, are reviewed.

High-Energy Phenomena in Electric Discharges in Dense Gases Home ; High-Energy Phenomena in Electric Discharges in Dense Gases This content was uploaded by our users and we assume good faith they have the permission to share this book.

If you own the copyright to this book and it is wrongfully on our website, we offer a simple DMCA. The Aeronautics and Astronautics curriculum emphasizes the disciplines of aerodynamics, aerospace systems, astrodynamics and space applications, propulsion, structures and materials, dynamics and control, and further provides courses that integrate these disciplines into the design of flight vehicles to perform the required mission.

Babich, High-Energy Phenomena in Electric Discharges in Dense Gases (Futurepast, ). commonly generated in spatially inhomogeneous electric fields in the cathode sheath of dc discharges 2 2. Tsendin, “ Nonlocal electron kinetics in Cited by: 7.

Imagine taking the output of the entire global power grid for a few billionths of a second and focusing it with a large laser onto the surface of a hollow capsule no bigger than the head of a pin. Next, imagine filling the capsule with isotopes of hydrogen (deuterium and. 1. Introduction.

LeVine and Willet et al. studying radio emission from thunderstorms have noted a distinct class of powerful radio pulses. The intensive investigations of this phenomena were performed during recent years.

For the measurements the satellite FORTE and specially constructed systems as LASA, EDOT and others were used.These studies Cited by:   Babich, High-Energy Phenomena in Electric Discharges in Dense Gases.

Theory, Experiment and Natural Phenomena, ISTC Science and Technology Series Vol. 2 (Futurepast, Arlington, Virginia, ), p. Cited by: 2. The characteristic plasma response takes place when the otherwise neutral gas turns out to be an electrically conductive medium and this transition can take place for ionization degrees as low as 10 − we shall see, these conditions are met in physical systems as diverse as plasmas in space and astrophysical environments, the Earth ionosphere, laboratory electric discharges or.

Fast volume breakdown with formative times in the tens to hundreds of picosecond regime is of interest for pulsed power switching and UWB applications. We have chosen a coaxial geometry for delivering fast rising high-voltage pulses to a spark gap that is designed to conserve an impedance of 50 Ω throughout the high-voltage carrying part of Cited by: 1.

A natural gas is described as sweet (with low sulfur contents) or sour (with high sulfur contents). It may also be wet or dry, depending on the presence of natural gas liquids and other energy gases.

When more than 90% of a natural gas is composed of methane, it is referred to as dry. Medium energy density foods = to 4 kcal/g High energy density foods = more than 4 kcal/g.

It is better to base the diet around foods that are low or very low in energy density, to consume moderate amounts of some medium energy density foods and consume higher energy density foods in small amounts and less often, as demonstrated in the.

Plasma Sources Sci. Technol. 9 () – Printed in the UK PII: S(00) Introduction to gas discharges N St J Braithwaite The Open University, Oxford Research Unit, Foxcombe Hall, Boars Hill, Oxford OX1 5HR, UK Received 1 Decemberin final form 13 June Abstract.

This is a tutorial Size: KB. This unique book provides a fundamental introduction to all aspects of modern plasma chemistry. The book describes mechanisms and kinetics of chemical processes in plasma, plasma statistics, thermodynamics, fluid mechanics, and electrodynamics, as well as all major electric discharges applied in plasma chemistry.

High Energy Density Physics is an international journal covering original experimental and related theoretical work studying the physics of matter and radiation under extreme conditions. ' High energy density ' is understood to be an energy density exceeding about 10 11 J/m 3.

The editors and the publisher are committed to provide this fast. Ebeling W., Fortov V.E., Filinov V. () Physics of Dense Gases, Nonideal Plasmas, and High Energy Density Matter. In: Quantum Statistics of Dense Gases and Nonideal Plasmas. Springer Series in Plasma Science and : Werner Ebeling, Vladimir E.

Fortov, Vladimir Filinov. Air perturbations significantly increase the velocity of streamer fronts Air perturbations facilitate the emission of X‐rays from streamer discharges Pre‐ionization moderately lowers the Cited by: 6.

The ELECTRIC UNIVERSE® model assumes that Nature knows best. It does not require strange matter or a strange star. The x-ray pulses are caused by regular electric discharges between two or more orbiting, normally constituted, electrically charged bodies. It is a manifestation of a periodic arc instead of a spinning star.

Extreme States of Matter: High Energy Density Physics (Springer Series in Materials Science) 2nd ed. Edition These extreme states are generated, among other things, by strong shock, detonation and electric explosion waves, dense laser beams,electron and ion beams, hypersonic entry of spacecraft into dense atmospheres of planets, and in Cited by: This banner text can have markup.

web; books; video; audio; software; images; Toggle navigation. My intuition tells me if gases conduct electricity, it should happen at high pressure, then the atoms will be closer together and electric field can ionize them. But my textbook says low pressure is favoured for the gas discharge.

Nonequilibrium phenomena: plasma, combustion, atmosphere ; [the book is published in connection with the Fourth International Symposium on Nonequilibrium Processes, Combustion, and Atmospheric Phenomena held in Sochi, Russia, October 5 - 9, ] Subject: Moskva, Torus Press, Keywords: Signatur des Originals (Print): S 10 B These extreme states are generated, among other things, by strong shock, detonation and electric explosion waves, dense laser beams, electron and ion beams, hypersonic entry of spacecraft into dense atmospheres of planets and in many other situations characterized by extremely high pressures and temperatures.

Plasma (from Ancient Greek πλάσμα, meaning 'moldable substance') is one of the four fundamental states of matter, and was first described by chemist Irving Langmuir in the s.

It consists of a gas of ions – atoms which have some of their orbital electrons removed – and free electrons. Plasma can be artificially generated by heating a neutral gas or subjecting it to a. This invited lecture presents the main physical problems met during studies of dense (>10 16 cm −3) plasma influenced by strong magnetic fields, i.e.

when ion cyclotron motions are weakly disturbed by electron–ion es of high-current pulsed discharges of the Z-pinch and plasma-focus (PF) type, which can produce dense magnetized plasma (DMP) are presented.

be called in the broadest sense electrical phenomena in gases. These range from the emission of light observed in electric discharges in gases to the secondary emission which occurs when ions or electrons strike a solid surface, and from " cathode sputtering," i.e.

detachment of atoms from a surface under positive ion bom. perature plasma. In his introductory chapter to the book,5 Tsendin first attempted to classify different scenarios of elec-tron kinetics in gas discharges. This task still remains unfin-ished, as stated in his last book.4 The second part of the present paper is devoted to appli-cations of electron kinetics to gas discharge problems.

Geophysical Research Letters /GL Table 1 TheMeanVelocities,v ± j,andNormalizedMeanVelocitiesΞ ∶=(v j∕v 0 Cited by: 6. @article{osti_, title = {INVESTIGATIONS OF PLASMA BY MEANS OF MICRORADIOWAVES}, author = {Raizer, M.D.

and Shpigel, I.S.}, abstractNote = {Microwave methods are adapted to the investigation of plasma and the processes which take place in it. Data are presented on the behavior of charged particles in plasma. The conductivity and dielectric. Electric Universe theory proposes that events in space, such as supernovae, cosmic jets, “emission nebulae”, and other energetic phenomena are caused by the flow of electric charge.

Since transmitting electricity requires a medium (the conductor), and low pressure inhibits the flow of electricity, then the regions in which electricity is. Figure 1. Material transfer path during sintering. It is regarded as a rapid sintering method in which the heating power is not only distributed over the volume of the powder compact homogeneously in a macroscopic scale, but moreover the heating power is dissipated exactly at the locations in the microscopic scale, where energy is required for the sintering process, namely at the Cited by: Plasmas vary over a remarkable range of temperature - from hundreds of thousands of electron volts (1 eV = 11 deg K) to one-hundredth of an electron volt - and density - from ‘tenuous’ with only a few electrons per cm 3 to dense with >10 20 electrons per cm 3 (Figure 1) - far exceeding the range for ordinary solids, liquids, and gases.

Dielectric phenomena in solids: with emphasis on physical concepts of electronic processes Kwan Chi Kao In general, a dielectric is considered as a non-conducting or insulating material (such as a ceramic or polymer used to manufacture a microelectronic device).

Earle R. Williams, in Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, Mesospheric Discharge Phenomena. Optical phenomena in the mesosphere high above large thunderstorms (mesoscale convective systems) have been firmly documented within the last decade, and named sprites, elves, and trolls.

All of these phenomena appear to be. Energy density is the amount of energy stored in a given system or region of space per unit uially it may also be used for energy per unit mass, though the accurate term for this is specific only the useful or extractable energy is measured, which is to say that inaccessible energy (such as rest mass energy) is ignored.

In cosmological and other general Derivations from other quantities: U = E/V. High-energy-density matter is found on Earth in the explosion of nuclear weapons and in laboratories with high-powered lasers or pulsed-power machines. The physics explored in this book is the basis for large-scale simulation codes needed to interpret experimental results whether from astrophysical observations or laboratory-scale by: 2.

Plasma Technology: Fundamentals and Applications - Ebook written by M. Capitelli, C. Gorse. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Download for offline reading, highlight, bookmark or take notes while you read Plasma Technology: Fundamentals and Applications.New Forms of High Energy Density Matter Larry McLerran Abstract I will discuss new forms of matter that might be seen in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions.

The Quark Gluon Plasma is matter in thermal equilibrium at very high temperature and low to intermediate baryon density. This is a deconfined plasma of quarks and gluons.